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日本的广场规划,设计灵感来源于“坟墓”

时间:2017-06-14 00:00 来源:上品济南装修网 阅读:


位于日本奈良县天理车站广场总体规划。


From the architect. The master plan for the station plaza at Tenri Station in Nara prefecture, located in the southwest region of Japan.

草图


6000平方米的空间内包括自行车租赁,咖啡厅等商店,信息亭,游乐区,户外舞台和会议空间。项目的目标是振兴当地社区,为当地居民提供活动空间,传播旅游信息和休闲设施。


The plan for the 6,000 square meter area includes bicycle rentals, a cafe and other shops, an information kiosk, a play area, outdoor stage, and meeting space. The project goal was to encourage local community revitalisation by providing a space for events, tourist information dissemination and leisure facilities for local residents 



天理的周边地区包括一些日本古老的坟墓,被称为“cofun”。这个地方是美丽的,不容错过的,但融入了城市日常生活的空间。广场上景观的设计灵感来源于这些“cofun”,是该地区特色的地貌景观:地面环山的奈良盆地。


Tenri’s urban boundaries include a number of ancient Japanese tombs, known as “cofun”. The cofun are beautiful and unmistakeable, but blend into the spaces of everyday life in the city. The plaza’s landscape, richly punctuated by several of these cofun, is a representation of the area’s characteristic geography: the Nara Basin, surrounded on all sides by mountains.



用于创建广场圆形结构的施工技术包括将披萨形的混凝土预制模具被装配在一起。由于混凝土预制模具在工厂中完成,然后在运输到现场进行装配的,这保证了施工结构的精确。同时模具也可以重复利用,确保合理的施工预算。预制部件装配采用大型起重机,用于的建造桥梁,将其拼接成一体。可以在不使用柱或梁的情况下形成大空间,圆形的型态保证了所有方向施力的稳定性,为空间提供了良好的平衡。


The construction technique used to create the plaza’s round cofun structures consisted of fitting together pieces of a precast concrete mould resembling a huge pizza. Because precast concrete moulds are formed at the factory and then assembled onsite, the resulting structures are precise and the same mould can be used multiple times, ensuring excellent cost-performance. The pre-formed parts are pieced together like building blocks using the same massive cranes used to build bridges. Large spaces can be formed without the use of columns or beams, and because of the round shape the well-balanced structures offer stability against forces applied from any direction.



不同层面上的cofun可以用于多种用途:当是楼梯时,也可以坐,栅栏围住孩子玩耍,咖啡厅和舞台屋顶,展示产品的货架和夜间照明效果,使灯光照亮了广场。这种多样性创造了一个环境,鼓励游客探索和花时间在广场内的不同空间,而不是限制他们的移动到一个地方。这是一个“模糊”的空间,完全是咖啡厅,操场,同时是巨大的家具。


The cofun’s different levels serve a variety of purposes: they’re stairs, but also benches for sitting, fences to enclose playing children, the cafe and stage roofs, shelves for displaying products and the nighttime lighting effect, which floods the plaza with light. This variety creates an environment that encourages visitors to explore and spend time in different spaces within the plaza, rather than limiting their movement to one place. It’s a ‘ambiguous’ space that’s entirely a cafe, a playground and a massive piece of furniture, all at once 



路标和招牌具有类似于cofun的柔和曲线,并且着色为深灰色,创造出自然对比度,同时仍然适合周边地区。它们还根据其功能被布置在四个不同的高度,以将噪声水平降至最低。儿童游乐场,休息室和阅读书籍的学习空间,以及可用于演唱会或公开演出的舞台,均已添加到会议区,天理的纪念品可以在新设计的商店旁边购买。


Guideposts and signboards feature gentle curves similar to those of the cofun, and are coloured a dark grey that creates a natural contrast while still fitting in with the surrounding area well. They are also arranged at four different heights according to their function in order to minimize noise levels. A play space for children, a lounge and study space for reading books, and a stage that can be used for concerts or public screenings have all been added to the meeting area, and Tenri souvenirs can be purchased at a newly designed shop next to the space.



每个设计都是为了确保内部的材料和着色尽可能地与广场的材料及颜色相匹配。使用奈良县木材制作的家具和固定装置,围绕着cofun主题进行设计,创造出一个与广场一致的感觉。


Every design was given to ensure that the materials and colouring of the interiors matched those of the plaza as closely as possible. Furniture and fixtures made using wood from Nara Prefecture and designed around a cofun theme create a sense of uniformity with the plaza.



广场名称CoFuFun将主要设计图案,cofun与口语日语表达结合在一起。 “Fufun”是指快乐的,无意识的嗡嗡声:广场的设计应该提供一种欢乐的气氛,无意识地引导游客去哼唱,愉快地在那里玩耍。


The plaza’s name, CoFuFun, combines the main design motif, the cofun, with colloquial Japanese expressions. “Fufun” refers to happy, unconscious humming: the design for the plaza should offer a convivial atmosphere that unconsciously leads visitors to hum, happily, while they’re there.



字母拼写“CoFuFun”也带来了“合作”和“社区”的“共同”,当然 - “乐趣”本身。结果是一个名字,其日文和字母拼写意味着相似的东西,使外国游客到广场也会以同样的方式理解。


The alphabet spelling, “CoFuFun”, also brings in the “co-” of “cooperation” and “community”, as well as – of course – “fun” itself. The result is a name whose Japanese and alphabet spellings mean similar things, so that foreign visitors to the plaza will understand it in the same way, too.




建筑师:Nendo

地点:日本  天理

面积:6000平方米


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